Meta-Analysis of Counseling Outcomes for Youth With Conduct Disorders
Twenty-one clinical trials were synthesized using a random effects model substantiating that counseling generally produces a medium effect in treating conduct disorder in youth at termination (d+ = .30-.57; k = 28). However, the lasting effects at follow-up were unclear because few follow-up studies (k = 13) have been conducted (d+ = -.53 - .58), and only two randomized controlled follow-up studies were located. No effects of moderating variables were evident, and implications for counseling practice and outcome research were addressed.
Bradley T. Erford, PhD; Gerta Bardhoshi, PhD; Margaret Ross; Chelsea Gunther, MEd; Kelly Duncan, PhD